A stroke happens when blood flow to a part of the brain stops. If the blood flow is stopped for longer than a few seconds, then the brain cannot get blood and oxygen, which causes brain cells to die and can cause permanent damage. It is important to know the signs and symptoms of a stroke so you can get the proper treatment in time.
Causes of a Stroke
There are two different kinds of stroke that a person can experience. The first kind of stroke is an ischemic stroke, which is caused by a blood clot that blocks the blood vessels or artery in the brain. The second is called a hemorrhagic stroke, this is caused by a blood vessel in the brain that breaks and bleeds into the brain. About 80% of strokes are ischemic and 20% are hemorrhagic. It is important to know that a stroke is a disease of the brain, but it can end up affecting the entire body. If a stroke is not treated in time and properly, a person can suffer paralysis, problems speaking, problems thinking, emotional problems, and continued numbness and weakness even after a stroke.
Stroke symptoms can happen rather quickly so it is important that you know what they are. The most common stroke symptoms are sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arms, or legs, especially on one side of your body. Signs of confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech are also related to a stroke. Stroke symptoms can also be trouble walking, dizziness and loss of balance or coordination. If you experience severe headaches with an unknown cause, that is a symptom of a stroke.
A stroke is an emergency where every minute counts. The longer the blood flow is cut off to the brain, the greater the damage is. It is important that a person who is experiencing stroke symptoms, gets help immediately. This is important because the immediate treatment can save a person’s life and enhance their chances for a better recovery. There is a three-hour window of opportunity to treat a person with a stroke, but it is recommended that a person go to the emergency room within 60 minutes in order to be properly evaluated for treatment. If a person is suffering from an ischemic stroke, which is the most common type of stroke, they can be treated with a drug that helps dissolve blood clots that maybe blocking the blood flow to the brain. This is a quick way to get help to a person suffering from a stroke.
Prevent a Stroke
The best way to treat a stroke is to prevent it. There are risk factors that can increase your chances of having a stroke, for example, high blood pressure, heart disease, smoking, diabetes, and high cholesterol. If you are a smoker it is recommended that you quit. If you are a person who has high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, or high cholesterol, it is important that you get them under control and continue to keep them under control. By keeping these medical conditions under control you can lower your chances of having a stroke.