Heart disease is a very broad term that is used to describe multiple different diseases that affect the heart. Here is some important information regarding heart disease and what it involves.
1. There are several different diseases that are associated with heart disease. Some of these diseases include coronary artery disease, which has to do with your blood vessels, heart rhythm problems, such as arrhythmia, and heart infections.
2. There are also heart defects that a person can be born with, such as congenital heart defects.
3. Heart disease is sometimes associated with cardiovascular disease, which deals with the narrowing of your blood vessels, which can then lead to a heart attack, angina, or stroke.
4. There are infections and conditions that affect the muscles of your heart, the valves, and breathing rhythm, which are other forms of heart disease.
5. Most forms of heart disease can be prevented and treated with healthy eating and exercising.
6. Symptoms for heart disease can vary depending on the type of heart disease that you may have.
7. The narrowing of your blood vessels causes cardiovascular disease, which restricts your brain, heart, and other parts of your body from receiving the proper amount of blood. Some of the symptoms associated with cardiovascular disease are angina (chest pain), shortness of breath, and weakness in your arms or legs.
8. Abnormal heartbeats also known as heart arrhythmias are when your heart is beating too fast or too slow. Some of the symptoms associated with heart arrhythmia are a racing heartbeat, a slow heartbeat, chest pain, and dizziness.
9. Heart defects such as congenital heart defects are defects that you are born with and are very noticeable right after birth. Some of the symptoms associated with congenital defects are blue or pale skin, swelling in your legs, and shortness of breath.
10. Heart disease risk factors include, but are not limited to your age, sex, family history, smoking, poor diet, high blood pressure, lack of exercise, high cholesterol, diabetes, and high stress.
11. Heart disease can lead to other heart problems, such as heart attack, stroke, heart failure, and an aneurysm.
12. Treatment options for heart disease include, but are not limited to medications, healthy eating, lifestyle changes, or surgery.
13. Controlling your blood pressure and cholesterol levels are a key factor in preventing heart disease.
14. The smallest amount of exercise, for example 20-30 minutes per day, five days a week, can help prevent heart disease.