Hypertension or high blood pressure which is also known as the silent killer is called so for many different reasons, and one of them is the fact that someone may be suffering from this health issue without even knowing. The blood level of any man depends on the amount of blood that the heart can pump, and the level of resistance the heart has to pump against that present in the arteries. Blood pressure varies with each heartbeat and may increase with activity or decrease at rest. High blood pressure can lead to other life-threatening health problems if left untreated. Just as stated earlier on, people who suffer from hypertension cannot point out to a particular symptom. At the early stage, the patient may notice slight headaches, but in advanced stages, dizziness and nosebleeds may occur.
But why is high blood pressure so dangerous?
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition in which the amount of pressure necessary for blood to pass through the body’s arterial vessels tend to be dangerous to another organ of the body especially when left untreated. Research shows that the average adult human body has about 10 to 11 pints of blood that course through the body. The arterial vessels need some specific amount of force or pressure for the blood to flow through correctly. This is what is commonly referred to as the blood pressure, and when the pressure is too low you tend to feel light-headed, woozy, tired, and so on.
There are Four stages of hypertension – stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, and stage 4.
- Stage 1
Research shows that three out of every four people with high blood pressure have stage 1 hypertension. You should know you have stage one if your reading shows 140/90 to 159/99. This stage is easily controllable usually through lifestyle changes, prescription drug medicines, and a combination of diuretics.
- Stage 2
One out of every five people with hypertension has stage 2. So, if your readings show 160/100 to 180/110, you probably fall into the stage 2 category. This stage will require multiple medicines to quickly get the readings down into a normal and safe range because it is a more dangerous stage than stage 1.
- Stage 3
Fewer than 5% of people with hypertension fall into the stage 3 category and you probably fall into this very dangerous category if your blood pressure reading is 180/110 to 210/125.
- Stage 4
This is the most severe of the stages, and you probably fall into this category and should seek immediate help if your hypertension reading is 210/130 to 230+/ 140+ or higher.
It’s important to note that hypertension, by itself, is not a fatal disease. Hypertension, if treated in time, can be successfully controlled. If left untreated, however, it can unnecessarily lead to kidney failure, stroke, hardening of the arteries, and heart attacks.